Presentation Of The Zoo

History And Chronology Of The Zoo

Month, Year Note Photo
Apr. 1903 Started in operation on 1st of April without any special opening ceremony. The Mayer Naiki and the Counsilor Watanabe were invited. By the day before, preparation had finished and all animals sent from the Imperial Household Agency had arrived.  6,591 people enjoyed the birthday of the zoo. Total area was 34,059 ㎡. Animals were 61 in species, 238 in total number.
Dec. 1905 "A Guide for Kyoto City Zoo" was published, sold at 5 sen (Japanese old monetary unit)
Sep. 1907 One elephant from Thailand joined  
Feb. 1910 2 lions and 2 lionesses were born (the first case in Japan). One lion was put out of the cage, bred artificially
May. 1913 The 10th Anniversary
Record of animals: 156 in species and 274 in total number
Jul. 1913 Night hours event (Opened until 23:00)  
Mar. 1923 "Elephant Room" completed. Asian elephant "Parma Gou" moved in from a temporary cage   
Aug. 1927 "Hippopotamus Room" completed (One female joined in Dec)   
Jan. 1929 3 Brown Bears were born  
May. 1931 Hatched 2 baby birds of Japanese Crane  
Jun. 1932 A lion "Kozakura Gou" was shot to a death, for escaping from the zoo   
Dec. 1933 A female hippopotamus was born (the first case in Japan), however, was dead 4 days later   
Aug. 1934 A female chimpanzee joined  
May. 1937 A California sea lion was born  
Nov. 1939 Hosted the 1st meeting of Japan zoo principals  
Aug. 1940 A zebra was born, named "Hatsushima Gou"  
1944 – 1945 Under the military's command, brown bear, Polar bear, sloth bear, sun bear, Asian black bear, lion, tiger and leopard were killed. Hippopotamus, camel, zebra and water buffalo also died from hunger, malnutrition and coldness.
Record of animals at the end of WW ll(Sep. 1945): 72 in species and 274 in total number (209 and 965 respectively in 1940)
 
Apr. 1946 South part 13,200 ㎡ was taken over by the Occupation Army  
Aug. 1950 A female Asian elephant and 2 Python joined. A welcome parade was performed through the way from Umekohji station  
May. 1952 The Occupation Army dismissed  
Apr. 1953 "Giraffe Room" completed  
Jun. 1953

A tiger and 2 tigress were born (the first case in Japan)
Succeeded in artificial incubation of ostrich (the first case in the zoo)

 
Nov. 1953 Seawater aquarium opened (removed in Oct. 1968)  
Mar. 1954 "Sea lion Pond" completed  
Aug. 1954 Held "Summer School" for 5 days from 10th of Aug. 180 pupils participated (the former form of present summer school)  
Oct. 1954 Succeeded in breeding of lion-tailed macaque  
Feb. 1955 "Fairyland" opened, charging another \10 for admission (this charge was abolished in Apr. 1976, currently free of charge)
Oct. 1960 A pare of Western lowland gorilla joined
May. 1962 A male Lar Gibbon was born, bred artificially (the first case in Japan)
Dec. 1964 A female Chimpanzee was born (the first case in the zoo), named "Hatsuko"  
May. 1966 Succeeded in artificial incubation of White Stork (the first case in Japan)
Apr. 1967 Succeeded in artificial incubation of Black-necked Swan (the first case in Japan)
Sep. 1968 A male Reticulated giraffe was born (the first case in the zoo) , named "Takao"
Oct. 1969 A pare of Orang-utan joined  
Dec. 1969 "Ape Room" completed  
Jul. 1970 A male Japanese Serow was born (the first case in the zoo) , named "Tetsu"  
Oct. 1970 A male Western gorilla was born (the first case in Japan) , named "Mac"
Jul. 1971 Succeeded in artificial incubation and breeding of Caribbean flamingo (the first case in Japan)
Aug. 1971 Started admission-free service for children of twelve and under
Aug. 1972 Started publishing "Doubutsuen Dayori (Zoo newsletter)"  
Apr. 1974 "Reptile Room" completed  
Sep. 1974 Started Kyoto City picture competition for children  
Nov. 1975 A female Orang-utan was born (the first case in the zoo) , named "Chako"  
Jul. 1976 A female European bison was born (the first case in Japan)
Sep. 1976 Succeeded in artificial incubation of Florida python (the first case in Japan)
Apr. 1977 Set Monday as a day-off
Sep. 1977 "Shiro," a Sulphur-Crested cockatoo was awarded by JSPCA (Japan Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) as an animal with greatest longevity in Japan  
Aug. 1979 A female Asian elephant joined (estimated 8 years old) , named "Mito"  
Mar. 1980 "Red Panda Room" completed
Jun. 1980 A female Asian elephant joined (2 -3 months old) , named "Tomo"
Aug. 1981 Succeeded in artificial incubation and breeding of Streaked shearwater (the first case in Japan)
Mar. 1982 Zoo library completed  
May. 1982 A male Western gorilla was born ("Mac" as a father, "Hiromi" as a mother), named"Kyotaro" (The three generaion breeding is the first case in Japan, awarded the 1st "Koga Prize" in 1987 as the case of successive breeding)
Sep. 1982 Held cinema festival every holiday as a educational campagne until 4th of Nov
Jun. 1983 Sichuan red panda "Lulu" gave births to 2 babies (a male and a female) , which was the first case in Japan as a subspecific breeding  
Sep. 1983 "Water bird Pavilion" completed (round dome shaped, with 21 meters in diameter and 11 meters in height)
Oct. 1983 The 80th Anniversary
Mar. 1984 Succeeded in artificial breeding of Red-footed tortoise (the first case in Japan)  
Oct. 1985 "Birds Room" completed  
Aug. 1986 The 1st "Zoo Class" for middle school students was held
Oct. 1986 A pare of Euroasian wolf and 2 pares of Korean pheasant joined
Mar. 1988 "Serow Room" completed
Aug. 1988 A male Lesser flamingo was born (the first case in Japan)
Mar. 1989 "Kyotaro Room (present Orang-utan Room)" completed  
Oct. 1989 Started a wildlife relief activity  
Mar. 1990 Medical center for wildlife completed  
Jun. 1990 Succeeded in artificial breeding of Plain chachalaca (the first case in Japan)  
Mar. 1991 "Inclined resting place" completed  
Mar. 1993 "Beast Room" completed   
May. 1993 The 90th Anniversary
Mar. 1995 4 Siberian tigers were born, however, 3 of them died. The left one was named "Heian" and bred artificially
Jul. 1997 Succeeded in artificial incubation of Lesser flamingo (the first case in Japan)
Mar. 1999 Well-water supply facility completed  
Feb. 2000 A female Bush dog (1 year old) joined  
Apr. 2001 "Tomo," a female Asian elephant died 
Nov. 2002 "Mito," an Asian elephant weighed 3,005 kg
Apr. 2003 The 100 Years Anniversary
Record of animals: 175 in species and 721 in total number
Mar. 2004 "Monkey Room" completed  
2006 3 breeders of the zoo were awarded "Enrichment Prize (breeder section)" hosted by NPO "Shimin (citizen) Zoo Network"  
Apr. 2008 Concluded an agreement with Kyoto University on "Cooperation in education and research on conservation of wildlife"  
Mar. 2009 East entrance completed  
Mar. 2009 "Ape Room" completed